Purified water is high-quality drinking water that is produced using the most advanced treatment processes available. These processes are approved by the Texas Commission on Environmental Quality.
Precipitation, evaporation and condensation are stages of the earth's water cycle. Water circulates continuously from the land to the atmosphere and back; it's used over and over again.
Cities mirror the water cycle by reusing nature's water. For example, river water is converted into drinking water so it can be used safely in homes and businesses. The used water flows through pipelines to wastewater facilities where it is treated and can be used again.
Treated wastewater is used for irrigation, industrial processes and environmental enhancement. The rest is returned to the river where it is taken and used again.
The Rio Grande begins in the mountains of Colorado. Its water is used for agricultural irrigation and industrial enterprises. For communities along the river, it's a drinking water source.
Upstream communities, including Taos, Santa Fe, Albuquerque and Las Cruces, discharge treated wastewater into the river. El Paso Water (EPWater) treats river water to meet regulatory standards. The process is monitored closely and the water is tested extensively before we deliver it to your home.
Treated water from El Paso's wastewater plants is reused throughout the city. It's used for industrial cooling towers and wetland restoration. It irrigates golf courses, cemeteries and other large turf areas. Contractors use it for construction activities. In Northeast El Paso, it's treated to drinking water quality and used to replenish the Hueco Bolson aquifer, which is an important water source.
EPWater plans to send a portion of the treated wastewater directly to an advanced water purification facility rather than into the river for downstream users. Purified water will become a new source of drinking water to augment the water supply.
EPWater meets the challenge of serving a Chihuahuan Desert city by conserving water resources and diversifying the water supply. We balance water from the river and two underground aquifers and recycle treated water from our wastewater plants. But upstream climate conditions can reduce river water supplies, and El Paso's population continues to grow. We need additional water resources to meet our customers' demands.
The Rio Grande is a key resource in El Paso's water supply portfolio. Our river water plants can produce 100 million gallons of water per day. When drought reduces river water, we pump more water from the aquifers. But the aquifers are not replenished quickly, and the water they contain is not infinite. Accelerated pumping is not sustainable for prolonged periods of time.
EPWater's 50-year water resources plan projects future populations and proposes strategies for meeting the deficit when the demand exceeds the supply. For example, we will build a large reservoir to capture stormwater and excess river water. That water will be stored and used when the weather is hot and dry.
Other options include importing water from areas east of El Paso or imposing water restrictions that threaten economic development and affect quality of life.
Purified water is a sustainable, drought-proof resource. As the population increases, there will be more treated wastewater to purify. And building an advanced water purification facility is significantly less expensive than importing water from 75 miles away.
Advanced water purification makes sense for El Paso. We can reuse the water we already
Treated water from our wastewater facilities is reused for irrigation and industrial processes. But with today's technological advancements, we can take the next step. Water passes through several phases of membrane filtration and disinfection during advanced water purification. This multiple-stage treatment process transforms the treated wastewater into a safe, reliable drinking water supply.
Membrane filters are hollow tubes perforated with microscopic pores. When high pressure pushes water through the pores, particles much smaller than a human hair are left behind. Membrane filtration is used in industries that require ultra-pure water such as medical and research institutions, bottling plants, semi-conductor manufacturers and the pharmaceutical industry.
Membrane filtration is also used in the water treatment industry. In fact, EPWater uses reverse osmosis membranes at its desalination plant. Reverse osmosis membranes remove salts from the water along with bacteria, viruses, pharmaceuticals, personal care products and pesticides.
Water is monitored and tested after each phase of filtration and disinfection. Then it is stored in a tank for final testing and disinfection before we deliver it to businesses and homes.
The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) regulates municipal drinking water supply and treatment facilities. The advanced water purification facility must meet water quality, safety and regulatory requirements to receive the agency's final approval. An independent advisory panel was assembled to guide us through the process.
EPWater tested advance water purification processes at a small-scale pilot plant. TCEQ approved the pilot test report, the second of eight steps in the regulatory process, which allows EPWater to advance to the next regulatory review step. TCEQ's approval process ensures that the equipment will perform to specifications, and the water will meet drinking water standards when the full-scale facility is on line.
El Paso's advanced water purification facility will produce up to 10 million gallons per day of water. Purified water is the highest quality drinking water produced.
Is purified water produced from sewer water? Does the water go from "toilet to tap"?
The water purified at the advanced water purification facility does not come directly from toilets. It is treated wastewater that is the same quality or better than the river water treated at the downtown and Mission Valley water plants.
Is purified water better than other water?
Yes, the quality is slightly better than standard tap water, but all of our water meets drinking water standards and is safe to drink.
How did EPWater select the plant location?
The Roberto R. Bustamante Wastewater Treatment Plant in the Mission Valley is the only facility that can provide enough treated wastewater for purification. The water discharged from the other wastewater plants is obligated by existing contracts. The Bustamante plant is also located in the area where we would have the most trouble providing customers with water during a drought.
What does the Texas Commission on Environment Quality require for regulatory approval?
EPWater must complete eight regulatory review steps before connecting the advanced water purification facility to the water distribution system. The commission will review and comment on the plans and specifications before we begin construction, and the equipment and processes will be thoroughly tested during the start-up phase. The equipment must perform to specifications and produce water that meets drinking water standards before the plant goes on line.
Who are the independent advisory panel members?
The members are health professionals, scientists and engineers with expertise in areas such as public health, risk assessment and treatment processes. The panel reviewed and made recommendations on regulations, plant design, pilot plant data and public outreach.
What happens if tests indicate that the water is not safe?
The purification stops and the system shuts down if any process does not work as it should. The water does not continue to the next step. The purified water is held in a storage tank for final testing before being released to the public, and the water is returned to the wastewater plant if there are water quality issues.
Who will receive water from the plant?
The Mission Valley, east and northeast El Paso neighborhoods will receive a blend of purified water and water from the river and the Hueco Bolson aquifer. No residents will receive 100 percent purified water.
What percentage of the water supply will be purified water?
The plant will produce up to 10 million gallons per day of purified water, which is 6 percent of the 165 million gallons of water El Pasoans use on a hot summer day.
Will this additional resource end the need to conserve water? Will the conservation ordinance be modified or rescinded?
Conservation will continue to be a key part of El Paso's water future. Adding purified water to the water resources portfolio will not affect the conservation ordinance.
Will my water bill increase?
EPWater needs additional water resources to serve the city's growing population and to meet customer demand for water when drought reduces river water flows. Your bill will increase because new sources of water will be more expensive than the current resources.